findings and data analysis of mosquito coils in old building

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Identifying the effective concentration for spatial ...- findings and data analysis of mosquito coils in old building ,Dec 28, 2012·Current efforts are underway to quantify the chemical concentration in a treated air space that elicits a spatial repellent (deterrent) response in a vector population. Such information will facilitate identifying the optimum active ingredient (AI) dosage and intervention coverage important for the development of spatial repellent tools – one of several novel strategies being evaluated for ...Toxic effects of mosquito coil (a mosquito repellent ...Dec 01, 1987·The physical and chemical properties of the mosquito coil, a commonly used mosquito repellent in Asia and South America, were analysed. The smoke emitted from the burning mosquito coil consists of submicron particles (diameter less than 1 μm) coated with a considerable amount of heavy metals, allethrin and a wide range of organic vapors, such as phenol and o-cresol.



Creating mosquito-free outdoor spaces using transfluthrin ...

Mar 10, 2020·Since 2000, malaria morbidity and mortality have tremendously declined in sub-Saharan Africa [1,2,3,4], though the recent evidence suggests that such gains are starting to stagnate [3,4,5].Most of the gains observed between 2000 and 2015 were estimated to have been contributed by the existing core indoor vector control interventions, i.e. insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual ...

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Malaria prevalence, knowledge, perception, preventive and ...

Jan 25, 2019·Malaria is a major health problem in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) with high transmission in remote and forest areas, particularly in the South. The military is at risk of malaria infection especially those deployed in forest areas. This study determined the prevalence of malaria infection and assessed knowledge, perception, and preventive and treatment behavior regarding ...

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Field evaluation of personal protection methods against ...

Dec 17, 2018·Protecting people outdoors against mosquito-borne diseases is a major challenge. Here we compared commercially available personal protection methods to identify the most effective method for outdoor use in northern Lao PDR. From June to August 2016 the protective efficacy of treatments were compared in a secondary forest during the afternoon and a village during the evening.

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Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Malaria Vector Control ...

Jun 20, 2013·The significant use of mosquito coils can probably be attributed to their low price (about 0.15$ US/unity) and high availability in markets and intra-district shops. Spray bombs were less frequently used, certainly because of their recent adoption and their higher cost in the majority of sub-Saharan Africa cities [30] .

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Using Technologies for Data Collection and Management ...

Developments in information systems, data integration, and system interoperability have now made possible and sometimes desirable for some components (e.g., data collection, data cleaning, data analysis) of “field” investigations to be performed off-site (e.g., by central office staff).

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An. gambiae gSG6-P1 evaluation as a proxy for human-vector ...

Oct 13, 2015·BLR participated in the study design, acquisition of data and data analysis. PMD, FR and AP helped in the production of recombinant gSG6-P1 as well as the in the study design and data analysis. TW and RR participated in the sample collection of Chilean samples, data analysis and manuscript drafting. CG helped in the acquisition of data.

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices assessment of malaria ...

Feb 12, 2020·Repellent products such as mosquito coils, topical repellent creams and spatial repellent emanators have been proven effective to protect against malaria [18,19,20,21,22,23,24,24]. The current study assessed acceptability of a spatial repellent (SR) product in development.

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(PDF) Summary of the PERN Cybersminar Air Pollution and ...

N. Ramkrishnan (Pondichery University, India) asked whether studies on indoor air pollution took into account the types of fuel used (e.g., firewood, charcoal, cow dung), seasonality (e.g., in the summer cooking is done outdoors), and the effect of mosquito coils, …

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Characteristics of emissions of air pollutants from ...

Apr 01, 2006·1.. IntroductionBurning of mosquito coils and candles will release a variety of toxic chemicals. A mosquito coil is spiral-shaped, the smoke of which is generally used for a mosquito repellent and insecticide in the tropical and subtropical areas (Li et al., 1993).The combustion of mosquito coils could generate particles containing heavy metals such as Cd, Zn and Pb, allethrin, …

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Electric nets and sticky materials for analysing ...

Nov 14, 2012·Data analysis. The data generated in this study were count data, i.e. either the number of gravid mosquitoes recollected or the number of eggs laid in artificial ponds, and were not normally distributed. Therefore, multivariable analyses were done with untransformed data using generalized linear models [54,55].

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Mosquito coil emissions and health implications ...

Sep 01, 2003·The findings from the present study suggest that exposure to the smoke of mosquito coils similar to the tested ones can pose significant acute and chronic health risks. For example, burning one mosquito coil would release the same amount of PM(2.5) mass as burning 75-137 cigarettes.

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Creating mosquito-free outdoor spaces using transfluthrin ...

Mar 10, 2020·Since 2000, malaria morbidity and mortality have tremendously declined in sub-Saharan Africa [1,2,3,4], though the recent evidence suggests that such gains are starting to stagnate [3,4,5].Most of the gains observed between 2000 and 2015 were estimated to have been contributed by the existing core indoor vector control interventions, i.e. insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual ...

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Insecticide substitutes for DDT to control mosquitoes may ...

Sep 06, 2012·Mosquito coils from Asia and South America were reported to generate smoke from heating (or burning) containing submicron particles (<1 μm) coated with considerable amount of heavy metals, allethrin and a wide range of vapours such as phenol o-cresol, and allethrin used in the mats increased blood–brain barrier (BBB) permeability, suggesting ...

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Sources of indoor particulate matter (PM) and outdoor air ...

Apr 01, 2019·Data on ambient temperature, air pollution and type of cooking fuel, incense burning and burning of mosquito coils per city is given in Table 3. In the total material, median life-time temperature was 17.1 °C (range of 7.6–18.9), lifetime median PM 10 91.9 μg/m 3 (range of 77–140) and lifetime median NO 2 51.4 μg/m 3 (range of 36–68).

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Lymphatic filariasis in Fiji: progress towards elimination ...

Oct 28, 2020·Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a major public health problem in the Pacific Region, including in Fiji. Through transmission by the mosquito vector Aedes, Fiji has suffered the burden of remaining endemic with LF despite efforts at elimination prior to 1999. In the year 1999, Fiji agreed to take part in the Pacific Programme for Elimination of LF (PacELF) and the Global Programme to Eliminate LF.

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Design and Rationale of the HAPIN Study: A Multicountry ...

Apr 29, 2020·Incense, mosquito coils, etc. (55% of households), trash burning (38% of households) Trash burning and seasonal burning crop residue (February–April) Low ambient air pollution: Minimal unless near road or in more urban/dense area. Prevalence of smoking in …

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Risk factors in heating, ventilating, and air‐conditioning ...

The data in Figures 1–4 do suggest that outdoor vehicle‐related VOCs, when taken in through low outdoor air intakes, may increase indoor exposures to these pollutants. The data also suggest that these VOCs or other correlated vehicle‐emitted pollutants such as CO or particles, may have a role in the occurrence of building‐related symptoms.

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Efficacy of the botanical repellents geraniol, linalool ...

Jul 10, 2009·Geraniol, linalool, and citronella in combination with the Coleman Mosquito Deleto Diffuser significantly reduced mosquito capture (Figure 3; 3 m 2 F (3,9) = 16.2 p< 0.0001; 6 m 2 F (3,44) = 39.3, p < 0.0001). When arranged in a 3×3 m square, geraniol reduced the number of mosquitoes caught by the MK01 mosquito trap by 95.5%, linalool by 88.4% ...

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The entomological impact of passive metofluthrin emanators ...

Jan 26, 2021·Author summary Insecticidal control tools are heavily relied on for the control of mosquito-borne viruses such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika, but the logistics associated with conventional insecticide use (e.g. space sprays and residual formulations) are challenging. Considerable time and resources are required to treat household interiors; an impediment exacerbated by the …

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Effects and acceptability of implementing improved ...

Aug 15, 2019·Hogarh, J. N. et al. Environmental health risks and benefits of the use of mosquito coils as malaria prevention and control strategy. Malar. J. 17 , 265, 018-2412-4 (2018).

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A qualitative study on the acceptability and preference of ...

Jun 04, 2009·In March 2008, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu governments raised the goal of their National Malaria Programmes from control to elimination. Vector control measures, such as indoor residual spraying (IRS) and long-lasting insecticidal bed nets (LLINs) are key integral components of this programme. Compliance with these interventions is dependent on their acceptability and on the socio …

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Organic Mosquito Coil making - slideshare

Sep 15, 2012·Organic Mosquito Coil making. 1. Mosquitoes are one of the majorproblems in our society because it carries a disease calledDengue, researchers make somefurther studies on how toexterminate mosquito-carryingborne diseases and developedthis topic to make an organicmosquito coil…

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Comparative Efficacy of Insect Repellents against Mosquito ...

A formulation containing 23.8 percent DEET had a mean complete-protection time of 301.5 minutes. A soybean-oil–based repellent protected against mosquito bites for an average of 94.6 minutes ...

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Mosquito Repellent and Antibacterial Efficiency of Facile ...

Mar 22, 2021·The need for the development of new methods for the reduction or elimination of the infections and diseases caused by mosquitoes and bacteria is very vital. The biomedical applications of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized from biological sources especially plant extracts had contributed greatly to the inhibition of several microbes due to the presence of some secondary metabolites found ...

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